A quick update on Dinit

I’ve been very busy lately, though have managed to spend quite a bit of time coding on Dinit, and of course I released Dasynq which forms the “backbone” of Dinit, in a sense, by providing a robust event loop library. I don’t want to write a major article right now and in truth probably don’t have the content to do so, so just a quick point-by-point update:

  • As mentioned, Dasynq 1.0 was released, and there have since been (ahem) 4 minor bugfix releases.
  • The basic service management functionality of Dinit is largely complete; it supports the dependency types I determined were needed; it handles process supervision pretty well (most recently, I implemented start and stop timeouts, which are configurable per-service). Running services under different uid’s is not yet supported but should be trivial to add.
  • However, the major thing still missing is the ability to modify services on-the-fly, or even unload/reload service definitions for services that aren’t running. That’s a priority, but it will not be trivial.
  • On the other hand, system boot and shutdown/restart are handled pretty well. Dinit has been the init system of my desktop PC for many months now.
  • One significant milestone was reached: I got my first pull request for Dinit. It was small, but it showed that at least there is someone out there who is following progress, and it came as a pleasant surprise.
  • There are plenty of other rough edges. There’s no way to specify initial environment, either per-service or globally – that shouldn’t be hard to do but I’ve been putting it off (it’d make a good task for a new contributor, hint hint…). I’d like to separate PID 1 (the actual init) from the service manager, or at least make it a supported option to do so. Cgroups, namespaces and jails aren’t supported yet. There is only a “poor man’s” version of socket activation. And so on.
  • Even with all that, we’re along way from the full functionality of Systemd. That might be a good thing, though. The plan has pretty much always been to delegate parts of that functionality to other packages. The goal is to provide, together with other packages, a replacement that’s capable of running a desktop with all of the important functionality available.
  • The test suit has improved a lot, and I put a lot of effort into mocking system interfaces for the purpose of testing. That’s starting to pay off, and the number of tests is rapidly increasing. Of course the down side is that writing tests takes time away from adding functionality, but in the end it’s a certainly a win to have a comprehensive test suite.
  • I spent some time recently looking a bit more closely at both Nosh and S6-RC, two service managers which can function as or cooperate with an init system. Both are pretty decent, and both are in a more complete state than Dinit, although Dinit is catching up reasonably fast and I believe Dinit offers at least some functionality that these lack. One idea I might need to borrow from these is the concept of chaining processes together (so a logging process can be run separately to the service process, but the file descriptors that tie them together can be maintained by Dinit so that you can potentially re-start either process with minimal risk of losing log messages).

That’s about all I’ve got to say for the moment. Hopefully I can find some time to craft a longer blog post next time, and with some more interesting news to share. Thanks for reading and questions/comments welcome as always!

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